Rose Hill Listed in the National Register of Historic Places
ATLANTA (April 26, 2017) – Rose Hill, at Lockerly Arboretum, has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The nomination and materials were sponsored by the Lockerly Arboretum Foundation.
Rose Hill was listed in the National Register of Historic Places as an excellent and intact example of the Greek Revival style and the Georgian house type in Baldwin County. The Greek Revival style was the first architectural style to appear statewide in Georgia, and while the style is expressed through many variations, Rose Hill embodies almost all of its identifying features.
The two-story house’s stucco clad exterior, prominent columns supporting a full-width porch, the wide plain entablature, heavy proportions, symmetrical front façade, low-pitched hipped roof, and double-hung six-over-six windows are all indicative of the style. Rose Hill also exemplifies the Georgian house type through its two-story, square-shaped plan with a central hallway flanked by pairs of rooms and four interior chimneys. The house retains a high degree of exterior and interior integrity, with the last significant changes occurring in 1963, when bathrooms were added within each of the upstairs bedrooms. Historic interior materials include plaster walls, hardwood floors, pocket doors, mahogany doors, and marble and wooden mantels. Stairs and baseboards feature faux marbling, while most door and window surrounds have faux graining. Several of the associated outbuildings and structures are good examples of household ancillary resources, such as the vegetable crib, pit garden, and koi pond.
Rose Hill was built in 1852 by Judge Daniel R. Tucker, was used as a private residence and, later, as a corporate guest house until 1998. The Lockerly Arboretum Foundation purchased the 2.57-acre parcel encompassing the house in 1998 for use as an educational facility and house museum.
The National Register of Historic Places is our country’s official list of historic buildings, structures, sites, objects, and districts worthy of preservation. The National Register provides formal recognition of a property’s architectural, historical, or archaeological significance. It also identifies historic properties for planning purposes, and insures that these properties will be considered in the planning of state or federally assisted projects. National Register listing encourages preservation of historic properties through public awareness, federal and state tax incentives, and grants. Listing in the National Register does not place obligations or restrictions on the use, treatment, transfer, or disposition of private property.
Rose Hill listed on Georgia Register of Historic Places
(2015) Rose Hill has been placed on the Georgia Register of Historic Places by the Historic Preservation Division of the state’s Department of Natural Resources. This designation moves our application forward to be reviewed for placement on the National Register of Historic Places.
The nomination process required considerable research and documentation, which our former Executive Director, Jim Garner, led. The state has advised us that processing nominations to be placed on the National Register takes considerable time. We look forward to sharing news of this national recognition as soon as we receive it.
Richard J. Nichols, a merchant and prominent citizen of Milledgeville, built a home on this site in 1839. The name Rose Hill was chosen because of the abundance of Cherokee Roses that grew on the site. Nichols died in 1849, and his estate was meticulously inventoried.
Daniel R. Tucker grew up in nearby Deepstep, in Washington County. He moved to the Midway community, the area between Scottsboro and Milledgeville, about 1830, and married Martha Goode, who also grew up in Washington County.
In 1850 Tucker was one of the appraisers of R.J. Nichols’ estate. In January, 1851, he purchased the home known as Rose Hill from Nichols’ estate. In February of that year Tucker’s recently purchased house was “entirely consumed” by fire. Tucker built a new home in Greek Revival style on the site in 1852. Tucker’s house is recorded in deed records on March 8, 1853, and is still known today as Rose Hill. Tucker’s life is detailed in this research completed by Jess Burke, a Georgia College & State University student and part-time Lockerly staff member. After Tucker’s death in 1879, the property passed through several hands and was the home of the Hollinshed family until 1928, when it was purchased by Reginald R. Hatcher.
The Hatchers renamed the house Lockerley (spelled in the British manner), after an estate in Hampshire, England that was said to be the ancestral home of Mrs. Hatcher’s family. The Hatchers completed a number of renovations and improvements to the property including expansion of the landscape. In 1963, the house and grounds were sold to Mr. Edward J. Grassmann. He owned American Industrial Clay Company and Georgia Kaolin Company, both located near Milledgeville.
Self-guided tours are available during regular operating hours when we are not holding special events. Tours costs are $3.00 per adult, $1.00 for children and students, and $12 for a family of four. Tour fees can be paid at the Administration Office. Self-guided tours are available at no cost for Friends of Lockerly. The Milledgeville Convention and Visitors Bureau offers trolley tours that often include Rose Hill.
Rose Hill and the surrounding gardens offer a beautiful setting for weddings and celebrations, as well as a unique location for business meetings and strategic planning sessions. Please contact Lockerly staff at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.